Chronicle of war:

Peter Koshevoy
Peter Koshevoy21.12.1904 - 30.8.1976

Peter Koshevoy was Commander of the 63rd Rifle Corps (the 51st Army, the 4th Ukrainian Front), Major General; commander of the 36th Guards Rifle Corps (the 11th Guards Army, the 3rd Belorussian Front), General- Lieutenant.

He was born on the 8th (21st) of December, 1904 in Alexandria today Kirovograd region (the Ukraine). Ukrainian.

Joined the Army in February 1920. Participated in the Civil War: in February 1920 - August 1922 - Red Army man of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment of the 8th Red Cossacks’ Cavalry Division. He participated in battles against the White Poles on the southwestern front, and then fought with the rebels in the Ukraine.

In 1923 he graduated from the Crimean cavalry courses. Prior to August 1924, he was the foreman of a cavalry squadron (in the Ukraine). In 1927 he graduated from the Ukrainian Cavalry School. Continued his service in the cavalry, commanded a platoon in the Moscow Military District. Since 1931, he served in the Joint Military School named after the Central Executive Committee in Moscow. In 1932-1936 took staff positions in the cavalry (in the Moscow Military District). In 1939 he graduated from Frunze Military Academy. In 1939-1940 - Chief of Staff of the 15th Cavalry Division (the Trans-Baikal Military District), from February 1940 - commander of the 65th Infantry Division (the Trans-Baikal Military District).

Took part in World War II from November 1941 as commander of the 65th Infantry Division, which was relocated to the Volkhov Front. The division under his command participated in the Tikhvin operation. From July 1942 he commanded the 24th Guards Rifle Division (Volkhov, Stalingrad and Southern fronts). From August 1943 he commanded the 63rd Infantry Corps. As part of the South and the 4th Ukrainian Fronts a corps under his command participated in the liberation of the Donbas and the Crimea. He especially distinguished himself in April – May 1944 during the liberation of Dzhankoy, Simferopol and the storming of Sapun gora (Sapun Ridge) on the outskirts of Sebastopol.

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, for his leadership during the liberation of military units of the Crimea, personal courage and heroism on April 16, 1944, Major General Peter Koshevoy was awarded the honorary title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal (№ 3598).

From May 1944 he was commander of the 71st Infantry Corps (the 3rd Belorussian Front). His soldiers distinguished themselves during the liberation of Belarus and the Baltics. From January 1945 he commanded the 36th Guards Rifle Corps. The troops distinguished themselves in the East Prussian operation and while assaulting Insterburg, Konigsberg and Pillau.

By the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, for his leadership, personal courage and heroism on April 19, 1945, Lieutenant-General Peter Koshevoy was awarded the second Gold Star medal (№ 43 / 2).

After the war he continued to command the corps. Since 1946, he commanded the 6th Guards Army (in the Baltic Military District). In 1948 he graduated from the higher academic courses at the Military Academy of the General Staff. He commanded armies in the Far East and in the Baltic. From July 1955 - First Deputy Chief of the troops of the Group of the Soviet Forces in Germany. In 1957-1960 - Commander of the Siberian Military District, 1960-1965 - Commander of the Kiev Military District. 1965-1969 - Chief of the troops of the Group of the Soviet Forces in Germany. Since October 1969 - Inspector General in the Ministry of Defence.

Lived in Moscow. He died on August 30, 1976. Was buried at Novodevichy Cemetery in Moscow.

Marshal of the Soviet Union (1968). He was awarded five Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, and three Orders of the Red Banner, the 1st class Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky, the 2nd Class Order of Suvorov, two Orders of Kutuzov of the 2nd class, medals, and foreign awards.

Candidate member of the CPSU Central Committee in 1961-1971. A member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1962-1970.

A bronze bust was installed in the city of Alexandria. The street and the square are named after him.
 



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