Chronicle of war:

1945, january

January 01st, 1945

On January 1 in Czechoslovakia, advancing to the town of Lucenec, our forces secured the settlements of Wielkie Dravce, Bolkowce, Nitra, Galsa, Terbelovce, Mikusovce (three kilometers to the south of Lucenec), Rapowce, Panitske-Dravce, Terinc, Busince, Malye Zlewce, Malye and Wielkie Straciny, Plachtince, and the railway junction of Rapowce. On December 31, our troops captured 515 German personnel in this area.

January 02nd, 1945

On January 2, our forces continued the liquidation of an enemy force encircled in Budapest and secured 232 blocks in the eastern part and 63 blocks in the western part of the city.

January 03rd, 1945

On January 3 in Czechoslovakia our forces, on their way to the town of Lucenec from east and south, liberated the settlements Ozdany, Dvojkerecstur, Dola, Pincina, Sacher, Kalonda, Wielki and Maly Dalev, Parlag, Rarosmulad, Wielki Zlewce, and the railway station of Ozdany. On January 1 and 2, our forces captured 2,320 German and Hungarian personnel in this area.

January 04th, 1945

On January 4 in Budapest, our forces continued wiping the enemy out of the city and seized 277 blocks. At the same time, to the northeast of the city our forces had to repulse the attacks of a strong and persistent enemy force that tried, for all the damage it suffered, to break through to the city to reinforce the troops encircled there.

January 05th, 1945

On January 5, our forces continued the liquidation of an enemy force encircled in Budapest and seized 233 blocks of the city; 2,400 German and Hungarian personnel were captured during street fighting on January 4.

January 06th, 1945

On January 6, our forces continued the liquidation of an enemy force encircled in Budapest and seized 173 blocks of the city; 1,630 German and Hungarian personnel were captured on January 5.

January 07th, 1945

On January 7 in Budapest, our forces continued wiping the enemy out of the city; 116 blocks were seized.

January 08th, 1945

On January 8 in Budapest, our forces went on eliminating the enemy encircled in the city. The Soviet units secured 130 blocks.

January 09th, 1945

On January 9, in Budapest our forces kept on eliminating the enemy encircled in the city, and, bearing down on the enemy, secured the city’s main race course that the Germans had turned into a military airfield; Nepsziget, the central city park; the refinery; the machine-building plant renamed Gopher Schrantz, which had been producing Nazi tanks; and the district of Pestszenterzsebet. Clearing of the district of Kispest was in progress. On that day our forces secured over 350 blocks in the city.

January 10th, 1945

On January 10, to the northeast of the town of Komarno, our forces secured the settlements of Binya, Bart, Nowa Wjeska, Perbete, Stara Djala, Martos, and the railway stations of Nowa Wjeska, Stara Djala, Hetin, and Komarno-Tegelna (two kilometers to the northeast of the town of Komarno). On January 9, our forces had captured over 800 German personnel in this area.

January 13rd, 1945

The forces of the 1st Ukrainian Front, in defiance of adverse weather conditions denying any aviation support, launched a major offensive on January 12 to the west of Sandomir to break up 40 kilometers of heavy enemy defenses.

January 14th, 1945

On January 14, to the south and southwest of the town of Kielce, our forces continued the offensive to secure the town of Pinczow, a major transport junction, and later secured over 200 other settlements, including major local towns of Radomice, Lisow, Kopitnica, Brzegi, Mjasowa, Motkowice, Jakubow, Mirzvin, Wroceryz, Michalow, Hury, Mlodzuwy, Kozubow, Szipow, Pelciska, Sokolina, Stary Korczin, Novy Korczin, and the railway stations of Sobkow and Mjasowa.

January 15th, 1945

The forces of the 1st Ukrainian Front, continuing their sweeping offensive, secured the Polish city of Kielce on January 15. Kielce is one of the country’s major administrative and economic centers.

January 16th, 1945

The forces of the 1st Belarussian Front launched a major offensive on January 14 from two bridgeheads on the western bank of the Vistula River to the south of Warsaw. In defiance of adverse weather conditions denying any aviation support, but powerfully supported by artillery, the offensive was successful, and heavy and deep enemy defenses were broken up.

January 17th, 1945

The forces of the Second Belorussian Front launched an offensive on January 14 from two bridgeheads on the western bank of the river of Narew to the north of Warsaw. Helped by massive artillery support, the Soviet forces successfully broke through strong and deep enemy defenses.

January 18th, 1945

On January 18 the forces of the Second Belorussian Front, continuing their successful offensive, assaulted the enemy out of the city of Pszasnysz and the town and fortress of Modlin (Novo-Georgievsk), which the Germans had used as important transport junctions and defense areas, and over 1,000 other settlements, including Kruki, Grabnik, Ruzesk, Krasnoselts, Bobino-Velke, Dzelino, Humen-Szino, Krosnice, Drogiske, Strzegowo, Hlinoeczk, Maluzin, Gutarzewo, Milewo, Strachowo, Jenec, Strubiny, Zakrocim, and the railway stations of Zabele Velke, Konopki, and Wkra.

January 19th, 1945

The forces of the Second Belorussian Front launched an offensive and, building on massive air and artillery support, broke though heavy and deep German defenses in East Prussia and, overcming stiff enemy resistance, moved 45 kilometers into enemy territory within the five days of fighting, widening the gap in its defenses to 60 kilometers.

January 20th, 1945

On January 20, the forces of the Second Belorussian Front secured the East Prussian towns of Tilsit, Gross-Skaisgirren, Aulowenen, Zillen, and Kaukemen — major transport links and heavily defended areas on the way to Konigsberg, and over 250 other settlements, including Karkeln, Raging, Skepen, Brittanin, Ruken, Jurgaitschen, Grunheide, Stablaken, Birkenfelde, Kutten, Bibelen, Blumberg, Preusendorf, and the railway stations of Pomletten, Argokingken, Werfen, Grunheide, and Baitzschen.

January 21st, 1945

On January 21, the forces of the Second Belorussian Front secured the East Prussian town of Gumbinnen, an important transport junction and defense area on the way to Konigsberg, and over 200 other settlements, including Alt Lappinen, Sekenburg, Tawe, Gilge, Schenkendorf, Gross Friedrichsdorf, Gross Girratischken, Melauken, Popelken, Patimbern, Padroyen, Kubbeln, Kuttkunen, Wielken, Juknischken, Konigsfelde, Gawaiten, and Plawichken and the railway stations of Muhlenau, Melauken, and Buchhow.

January 22nd, 1945

On January 22, the forces of the Second Belorussian Front secured the East Prussian town of Insterburg, an important transport junction and a powerful defense area on the way to Konigsberg, and over 200 other settlements, including Nemonin, Karlsrode, Agilla, Minchenwalde, Jargillen, Augstagirren, Alt Gertlauken, Ajlaken, Kellmis Demerau, Wilkendorf, Petersdorf, Taplakken, Saalau, Wirtkallen, Georgentahl, Karteningken, Jamaitsen…

January 23rd, 1945

The forces of the Second Belorussian Front overcame enemy resistance to cross the rivers Daime and Pregel and secure the towns of Labiau and Welau — heavily defended areas on the way to Konigsberg.

January 24th, 1945

On January 24, in East Prussia to the south and southwest of the town of Insterburg, our forces secured the towns of Angerburg and Widminnen and over 250 other settlements, including such important points as Ilmsdorf, Muljen, Jodlauken, Karpowen, Schlossberg, and Lindeheim.

January 25th, 1945

On January 25 in East Prussia, to the west and southwest of the town of Insterburg, our forces secured over 300 settlements, including such important points as Gross Scharlak, Goldback, Starkenberg, Friedrichsdorf, Gross Plauen, Mauenfelde, Klein-Gnie, Reuschenfeld, Furstenau, and the railway stations of Eiserwagen, Bokelln, Olschewen, and Prinowen.

January 26th, 1945

On January 26, the forces of the Third Belorussian Front secured the East Prussian towns of Tapiau, Allenburg, Nordenburg, and Letzen — powerfully fortified defense areas protecting central regions of East Prussia, and over 250 other settlements, including such important points as Lablacken, Gross Droosden, Botenen, Brasdorf, Lowenhagen, Oderwangen, Frisching, Gross-Sobrosg, and the railway stations of Pronitten, Willkunen, and Georgenfelde.

January 27th, 1945

On January 27 our forces, continuing their successful offensive on their way to Konigsberg, secured the town and railway junction of Gerdauen and over 300 other settlements, including such important points as Postnicken, Schaakswitte, Gallgarben, Powunden, Knoppelsdorf, Neuhausen (7 kilometers to the northwest of Konigsberg), Steinbek, Borchersdorf, Tomsdorf, Blankenau, Allenau, Bartchersdorf, Friedenberg, and Dietrichsdorf.

January 28th, 1945

The forces of the First Baltic Front launched an offensive and secured the Lithuanian town of Klajpeda (Memel) on January 27. Klajpeda is a major seaport and defense area on the Baltic. Thus, the Soviet Lithuania was cleared of the Nazi occupiers.

January 29th, 1945

On January 29, our forces secured over 100 settlements in East Prussia, including such important points as Liaptau, Mollenen, Sidlung (3 kilometers to the northwest of Konigsberg), Ludwigswalde, Altenberg (4 kilometers to the south of Konigsberg), Mansfeld, Tarau, Schrombenen, Stolzenfeld, Gross Langwalde, Langheim, Sturmhubel, Rossel, Gisewen, and the railway stations of Liaptau, Grossraum, Nesselbek, Schrombenen, and Rossel. At the same time, our forces to the northwest of the town of Allenstein repulsed strong mounted enemy attacks targeted westward.

January 30th, 1945

On January 30, in East Prussia, our forces, continuing their successful offensive, secured the towns of Bischofstein and Wartenburg, and over 150 other settlements, including Muhlsen, Heutenen, Seepappen, Metgeten (5 kilometers to the west of Konigsberg), Heide, Waldburg (8 kilometers to the southwest of Konigsberg), Kobbelbude, Pakerau, Dorf Leunenburg, Falkenau, Gross Schwansfeld, Troutenau, Leginen, Kabinen, Bredinken, Gross Ramsau, Reuschagen, and Tollak. At the same time, to the northwest of Allenstein, our forces successfully repulsed mounted enemy attacks targeted west toward Elbing.

January 31st, 1945

On January 31, the forces of the Second Belorussian Front successfully assaulted the towns of Heilsberg and Friedlang, major transport links and heavily defended areas in the center of East Prussia, and over 50 other settlements, including Kwanditten, Medenau, Gross Heidekrug (14 kilometers to the west of Konigsberg), Stockheim, Minten, Krekollen, and Knipstein.

 



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