Chronicle of war:

1945, march

March 01st, 1945

On March 1, the offensive of the Red Army northeast and north of the town of Neustettin in Pomerania resulted in capturing the settlements of Flemmingsort, Fletenstein, Falkenhagen, Helkewiese, Neudorf, Zechendorf, Buchwald...

March 02nd, 1945

On March 2, advancing southwest of Konigsberg, the Red Army took the settlements of Rosen, Rentengueter, Schonwalde, Schenau, Mertensdorf and the railroad station of Schenau. In the vicinity of Grudziadz (Graudenz), the Red Army fought to mop up the enemy encircled in the town, with its southern half cleared of the enemy in the process...

March 03rd, 1945

On March 3, the advancing 2nd Belarussian Front forces drove the enemy out of the towns of Rummelsburg and Pollnow, major centers of communication and German strongpoints in Pomerania, as well as took another 80-plus settlements, including Gross Peterkau, Starsen, Gross Schwirsen, Kurow and Dargen.

March 04th, 1945

On March 4, the Red Army fought southeast of Kцnigsberg to defeat the East Prussian enemy grouping, during which it took the settlements of Konradswalde, Wesselshofen, Sperwinen, Pellien, Hasselpusch, Klein Lutkenfurst, Hochenfurst, Blumberg, Kirschdorf and Klopchen.

March 05th, 1945

On March 5, the offensive of the Red Army southwest of the city of Kцnigsberg resulted in capturing the settlements of Korschelken, Kumgarben, Benkenwalde, Strauben and Hirschfeld. South and southwest of the city of Danzig, the Red Army drove the enemy out of the towns of Wiesenwald, Lubichow, Studzenic, Gurki, Leszno, Kruschin, Lipnica and Worziskowo.

March 06th, 1945

After a two-day siege and slogging combat mopped up the enemy groupings and, on March 6, the 2nd Belarussian Front forces took the town and fortress of Graudenz (Grudziadz), a formidable enemy strongpoint on the lower flow of the Vistula river. The fighting in Grudziadz resulted in capturing 5,000-plus prisoners and the fortress commandant, Maj.-Gen. Fricke...

March 07th, 1945

On March 7, the 2nd Belarussian Front forces captured the towns of Gniew (Mewe), Stargard (Preussisch Stargard), a major German strongpoint en route to Danzig, and took another 200-plus settlements, among which are Zaaben, Pinschin, Goch Stublau, Koschmin, Logutken, Liniewo, Olpuch, Dzimianen, Sommin, Reckow, Luben, Treblin, Barten, Zollbruck, Alt Bewersdorf, Alt Schlawin, Damshagen and Neuwasser.

March 08th, 1945

On March 8, the advancing 2nd Belarussian Front forces captured the towns of Bytow (Butow) and Koscierzyna (Berendt), major centers of rail and road ways and major German strongpoints en route to Danzig, and took upwards of another 300 settlements, among which are the towns of Adlich Liebenau, Peplin, Rajkau, Swaroschin, Schadrau, Meisterwalde, Stangenwalde, Eggertshutte, Grabuwko, Kaliska, Kornen, Nakel, Borntuchen...

March 09th, 1945

The advancing 2nd Belarussian Front forces captured the town of Stolp, a key road and railway center and a formidable enemy strongpoint in northern Pomerania, took the towns of Schlawe, Rugenwalde, Stolpmunde and another 200-plus settlements, including Reinfeld, Kolpin, Schonberg, Sulenschin, Gross Nossin, Lupow, Darsin, Gross Gluschen, Dammen, Sorchow, Karzin, Weitenhagen, Saleske, Pustamin, Jershoft...

March 10th, 1945

On March 10, southeast of Danzig, the offensive of the Red Army resulted in capturing the town of Tiegenhof and the settlements of Jungefer, Neuestadt-Thorwald, Ladekopp, Tiege, Marienau, Niedau, Halbstadt, Milenz and Gross Montau. On March 10, the 2nd Belarussian Front forces, advancing on the Danzig approach, captured such major railroad and road centers, as the towns of Lauenburg and Kartuzy (Karthaus) and another 300-plus settlements, including Baldau, Dalwin, Schonek...

March 11st, 1945

On March 11, southeast of Danzig, the Red Army, advancing northwards along the eastern bank of the Vistula River, captured upwards of 40 settlements, including Breske, Neuteich, Eichwalde, Tralau, Gross and Klein Lichtenau and Lissau. The 2nd Belarussian Front forces, advancing on the Danzig approach, captured the town of Leba and another 200-plus settlements, including such large settlements, as Kolln, Pomicin, Starahutta...

March 12nd, 1945

The advancing 2nd Belarussian Front forces captured the major German strongpoints en route to Danzig and Gdynia – the towns of Tczew (Dirschau), Wejherowo (Neuestadt), reached the bank of the Danzig Bay north of Gdynia and took the town of Puck (Putzig). At the same time, the Front’s forces occupied another 100-plus settlements including Quaschin, Kolletzkau, Retscheke, Gnewau, Gross Schlatau, Sellistrau, Polzin, Werblin, Schlawoschin...

March 13rd, 1945

On March 13, southeast of Danzig, the Red Army, advancing northwards along the east bank of the Vistula River, captured the settlements of Reimerswalde, Neu Teichenwalde, Vierzehnhuben, Breckerfeld, Prangenau, Neukirch and Palschau. Northwest of the town of Gdynia, the Red Army took the settlements of Reda, Polchau, Bresen, Oslanin, Rutzau, Gnesdau Schwarzau, Hallerowo and Chlapau...

March 14th, 1945

On March 14, the 3rd Belarussian Front forces advanced destroying the East-Prussian enemy grouping, during which they took the settlements of Gross Klingbeck, Grunewiese, Lank, Bartlangen, Hirschken, Hanswalde, Gross Lutkenfurst, Schonlinde, Neuenglich, Rodersdorf, Hohenwalde, Breitlinde, Lindenau and the railroad station of Vogelsang. Over 2,000 German officers and men were taken prisoner.

March 15th, 1945

On March 15, the offensive of the 3rd Belarussian Front forces southwest of Kцnigsberg resulted in the Red Army reaching the coast of the Frisches Haff Bay and taking the settlements of Wangitt, Dumpelkrug, Pinnau, Albehnen and Einsam. The town of Heide Waldburg, which is 8 km southwest of Kцnigsberg changed hands several times and was finally captured by the Red Army.

March 16th, 1945

On March 16, advancing southwest of Kцnigsberg, Soviet troops took the settlements of Pokarben, Tengen, Schoyschen, Vesdelen, Kranzberg, Stobecken, Fuchsberg, Jarftthal, Freudenthal, Lauterbach, Frenzelswalde and Herzogswalde. More than 600 prisoners were taken there on March 15.

March 17th, 1945

On March 17, southwest of Kцnigsberg, the Red Army kept on defeating the East Prussian enemy grouping and drove the enemy out of the settlements of Brandenburg, Poplitten, Porschken, Legmitten, Praussen, Pannwitz, Warnikam, Vorder-Freudenthal, Deutsch Thierau and Bilshofen. More than 700 prisoners were captured in the area on March 16.

March 18th, 1945

On March 18, southwest of Kongsberg, the Red Army fought to defeat the East Prussian enemy grouping and, narrowing the noose, cleared over 40 settlements of Germans, including Korschenruh, Patersort, Ludwigsort, Schwanis, Rippen, Laukitten, Preussisch Tierau, Lonhofen, Mahlendorf, Rehfeld and Grunenfeld. More than 800 prisoners were captured in the area.

March 19th, 1945

On March 19, the Red Army successfully fought southwest of Kцnigsberg to defeat the East Prussian enemy grouping and, moving to the Friestaf Bay coast, took upwards of 30 settlements, namely Scholen, Windkeim, Pottligen, Kirschheiten, Schreinen, Quillitten, Neuwald, Freihufen, Gallingen, Grunwalde, Waltersdorf, Birkenau, Neubahnau, Pagendorf, Schillgehnen, Klein Amstmuhle, Sagern, Marienfelde, Willenberg, Stangendorf and Kalberhaus.

March 20th, 1945

On March 20, the 3rd Belarussian Front forces kept on defeating enemy forces in the East Prussia, during which they took the town of Braunsberg – a formidable German strongpoint on the coast of the Frisches Haff Bay – and dislodged the enemy out of more than 40 other settlements, e.g. Fedderau, Wesslienen, Cordommen, Rauschnick, Thomsdorf, Wermten, Hammerrsdorf and Neu Passarge. During March 19 and 20, the Front’s forces took there over 4,000 prisoners as well as over 300 guns.

March 22nd, 1945

Southwest of Kцnigsberg, the 3rd Belarussian Front forces fought on March 22 to defeat the enemy blocked near the coast of the Frisches Haff Bay in the vicinity of Heiligenbeil and drove enemy troops out of the settlements of Mukuhnen, Gabditten, Schirten, Heinrichshof and Helenenhof. On March 22, the Red Army captured more than 800 prisoners in the area.

March 23rd, 1945

On March 23, the 3rd Belarussian Front’s troops fought to mop up the enemy at the Frisches Haff Bay coast in the vicinity of the town of Heiligenbeil. On March 22, the Front’s troops captured 1,600 prisoners. The 2nd Belarussian Front’s troops, advancing the attack in the direction of Danzig, took the town of Zoppot and appeared at the coast of the bay of Danzig between Gdynia and Danzig, cutting the enemy into two parts...

March 24th, 1945

On March 24, attacking towards Danzig, the 2nd Belarussian Front troops took the town of Praust and the settlements of Rosenberg, Langenau, Zipplau, Gischkau, Rottmannsdorf, Straschin, Jenkau, Bankau, Hochkelpin, Klein Kelpin, Goldkrug, and Wittomin. On March 23, the Front’s troops captured more then 1,000 prisoners in the region.

March 25th, 1945

On March 25, the advancing 3rd Belarussian Front troops took the town of Heiligenbeil, the last German strongpoint on the Frisches Haff Bay coast, south-west of the town of Kцnigsberg as well as took the settlements of Partheinen, Rensegut, Keimkallen, Bregden, Steindorf, Carben, Preussisch Banau, Schettnienen, Gerlachsdorf, Raade, Leysuhnen, Busterwalde, and Raunenberg.

March 26th, 1945

On March 26, the 3rd Belarussian Front forces finished mopping up the enemy on the Frisches Haff Bay coast, southwest of the city of Kцnigsberg and took the settlements of Gross Hoppenbruch, Reinschenhof, and Deutsch Bahnau and the Rosenberg port and flung the remainder of the defeated enemy back to Cape Kahlholzer Haken. According to preliminary reports, the Front’s troops captured more than 21,000 prisoners in the area on March 26.

March 27th, 1945

On March 27, the 3rd Belarussian Front troops were mopping up the enemy southwest of Konigsberg in the vicinity of the cape and took the settlements of Wolittnick, Schnakenberg, Follendorf and Lindenberg. On March 26, our forces captured eight aircraft, 113 tanks, 66 armored personnel carriers, 594 field guns, 350 mortars, 1,100 machineguns, 30 radios, 200 tractors and prime movers...

March 28th, 1945

On March 28, the 3rd Belarussian Front troops continued mopping up the remainder of the defeated enemy in the vicinity of Cape Kalholzer Haken southwest of Konigsberg. On March 27, the Front’s forces captured 222 field guns, 223 mortars, 430 machineguns, 22 armored personnel carriers, 35 radios and 1,500 wheeled vehicles.

March 29th, 1945

On March 29, the 3rd Belarussian Front troops finished mopping up the encircled West-Prussian group of German forces southwest of Kцnigsberg. From March 13 to 29, the enemy lost over 50,000 personnel as prisoners of war and 80,000 killed in action. At the same time, the Front’s troops captured 128 aircraft, 605 tanks and self-propelled guns, more than 3,500 field guns, 1,440 mortars, 6,447 machineguns, 586 armored personnel carriers, 247 radios, 35,060 wheeled vehicles...

March 30th, 1945

On March 30, the 2nd Belarussian Front troops finished mopping up the group of enemy forces near Danzig, assaulting and seizing the city and fortress of Danzig with an important harbor and a key German naval base in the Baltic. The national flag of Poland was run up over Gdansk. When fighting for the city, the Front’s troops captured 10,000 prisoners and 84 aircraft, 140 tanks and self-propelled guns, 358 field guns, 566 mortars, 1,397 machineguns, 15 armored trains, 45 submarines, 306 steam engines...

March 31st, 1945

The 1st Belarussian Front troops west and southwest of the town of Kystrzyn (Kustrin) surrounded and defeated a large German garrison that defended the area between the Warta and the Oder. The Front’s troops captured 3,170 prisoners, 54 field guns and 150 machineguns. The enemy lost up to 3,000 personnel killed in action.

 



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