Chronicle of war:

Military operations
1944. Defeat of the Nazi Army Group “the Southern Ukraine” Liberation of Romania and Bulgaria

The Soviet offensive at Iasi and Chisinau began from final defeat of the enemy forces in the central direction, as well as liberation struggle of the peoples of the Balkan countries.

1944. Liberation of the Soviet Baltic republics. Expulsion of the enemy from the Subarctic

By mid-September 1944, the Soviet armed forces almost completely liberated the Soviet territory and fought outside the country. Only a small part of the Soviet Baltic and the Far North was still ruled by the Nazi invaders.

1944. Struggle for the liberation of the peoples of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and Hungary

The Nazi leadership gave special importance to the retention of the occupied territories of Czechoslovakia, Hungary and the Balkan countries, owing to both economic and military-strategic reasons.

1944. The sea lanes

The Soviet Supreme Command planning for the second half of 1944 some major offensive operations in the coastal areas was aware that their implementation would cause a significant increase in theaters of naval operations, including communications where military and other transportation were carried out, and some steps to strengthen Navy and improve the organization of its management were taken.

1945. Liberation of Poland

The Soviet troops and fought together with them parts of the Polish Army after approaching the Narew and Vistula Rivers, released fourth of the Polish territory from the Nazi occupiers where thanks to the hard and consistent work of the Polish Workers’ Party, the Polish people formed the central and local authorities.

1945. Defeat of German forces in East Prussia

The East Prussian operation which ended in defeat of the Nazi group in East Prussia and northern Poland was part of the Soviet overall strategic offensive which began in January 1945.

1945. Offensive of the Soviet Army in East Pomerania and Silesia

With the release of the Soviet Army on the Oder River and the approaches to Berlin the next strategic defense line of the enemy was broken, and the interaction between its major groups was extremely difficult.

1945. Liberation of Hungary, Austria, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia

On the southern flank of the Soviet-German front in early 1945 the situation was determined by the victories of the Soviet Armed Forces.

1945. The Soviet Navy combat operations

The Soviet break-out to East Prussia in 194 and withdrawal of Finland from the war improved the situation of the Baltic Fleet. The German-Fascist fleet was driven out of Gulfs of Riga and Finland, and the Soviet ships were able to operate in the Baltic Sea.

1945. Capture of Berlin

It was the last April of World War. Military operations covered a large part of Germany: the Soviet troops advanced from the east, the allied forces – from the west. Real conditions for the complete and final defeat of the Wehrmacht were created.

1945. Final liberation of Czechoslovakia

Struggle for liberation of Czechoslovakia began in September 1944 when the Soviet troops entered its territory. By the end of April 1945, they released almost all of Slovakia including its capital – Bratislava, and the major industrial centers such as Moravska-Ostrava and Brno.

1945. Unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany

At the Crimea Conference the three government heads of anti-Hitler coalition agreed on procedures for enforcing the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany. Presenting it demand for unconditional surrender they proceeded from the fact that Nazi Germany having unleashed a bloody world war committed the gravest crime against humanity.


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Pavel Revenko
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