Chronicle of war:

Twice Heroes
Pavel Golovachev
Pavel Golovachev15. 12. 1917 - 2. 7. 1972

Pavel Golovachev was a fighter pilot, flight commander, deputy commander of a squadron of the 9th Guards Fighter, Guards lieutenant, captain.

He was born on 2 (15) December 1917 in Koshelevo village, now Buda-Koshelevo district of the Gomel region in a peasant family. Belorussian. He lived with his parents in Vetka district, where his father worked as a forester; then they moved to Chechersk district. He graduated from a seven-year school, in 1935 - the school of the Factory Trade Apprenticeship in Gomel. Worked as a lathe operator and a miller at a forest combine in Novo-Belitsa village (now within the city of Gomel). He was a striker in a factory football team. At the same time he was engaged in the Gomel flying club.

Joined the Red Army in 1938. On the Komsomol pass he was sent to the 8th Odessa Military flying school named after P. Osipenko, which he graduated from at the end of 1940. Was sent to serve in the 168th Fighter Aviation Regiment, stationed in the Crimea.
 
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Victor Golubev
Victor Golubev17. 1. 1916 - 17. 5. 1945

Victor Golubev was a strafer of the 285th/58th Guards Attack Aviation Regiment of the 228th/2nd Guards Attack Air Division of the 16th Air Army.

He was born on January 17, 1916 in Petrograd (now - St. Petersburg) in a working class family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (b) since 1942. Joined the Red Army in 1936. In 1939 he graduated from the Kharkov Military Aviation School.

From the very first day of the Great Patriotic War - in attack aviation. Fought in the 285th Attack Aviation Regiment of the 228th Assault Air Division of the 16th Air Army.
 
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Sergey Gorshkov
Sergey Gorshkov26. 2. 1910 - 13. 5. 1988

Sergey Gorshkov was Chief of Navy of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics – the USSR Deputy Defense Minister, Admiral.

He was born on 13 (26) February 1910 in Kamenets-Podolsky, now Khmelnitsky region, the Ukraine, in a teacher's family. Russian. In the Navy since 1927. In 1931 he graduated from the Naval Academy, in 1937 - the courses of commanders of destroyers, in 1941 - Advanced Training Courses for commanders at the Naval Academy.

Participated in World War II. A member of the CPSU (B) / Communist Party since 1942. During the defense of Odessa, S. Gorshkov headed the first marine landing on the Black Sea near Grigoryevka (now Kominternovsky district of Odessa region, the Ukraine), which contributed to the successful counterattack of the Odessa Defense Region forces. From October 1941 he commanded the Azov Flotilla. From August 1942 he was deputy commander of the defense area of Novorossiysk, from November - the commander of the 47th Army, from February 1943 - re-Azov Flotilla Commander, and from April 1944 - the Danube Flotilla. On September 25, 1944 Rear-Admiral, S. Gorshkov was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral.
 
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Nikolay Goryushkin
Nikolay Goryushkin1. 12. 1915 - 12. 11. 1945

Nikolay Goryushkin was commander of a squadron and a battalion of the 22nd Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade of the 6th Guards Tank Corps of the 3rd Guards Tank Army.

He was born on December 1, 1915 in Sharapkino village of Rovenkovsky district, now Sverdlovsk-city of the Lugansk Region (the Ukraine), in a working class family. Russian.

Joined the Red Army in 1937. In 1941 he graduated from Uryupinsk military infantry school. On the Great Patriotic War fronts since July 1941. Until the end of the war he was in the army on the South-Western, Bryansk, Central, Voronezh and other fronts.
 
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Andrey Grechko
Andrey Grechko17. 10. 1903 - 26. 4. 1976

Andrey Grechko was First Deputy Minister of Defense, Chief of Land Forces of the Soviet Army; Minister of Defense of the USSR, Marshal of the Soviet Union.

He was born on October 17, 1903 Golodaevka village, (now Kuibyshevo village, Kuibyshev district of Rostov region) in a peasant family. Ukrainian. A member of the CPSU (B) / Communist Party since 1928.

Joined the Red Army in 1919. Participated in the Civil War, was a Red Army common soldier in the 11th Cavalry Division of the 1st Cavalry. In 1926, after graduating from the Cavalry School, he commanded a platoon, a squadron in the 1st separate Cavalry Brigade of the Moscow Military District. In 1936 he graduated from the Military Academy named after M. Frunze, and in October 1938 was appointed Chief of Staff of the Belarusian Special Cavalry Division of the Special Military District; in September 1939 he participated in the liberation campaign in Western Belarus. In 1941 he graduated from the Military Academy of General Staff.
 
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Nikolay Gulayev
Nikolay Gulayev26. 2. 1918 - 27. 9. 1985

Nikolay Gulayev was Deputy Squadron Commander of the 27th Fighter Regiment (the 205th Fighter Division of the 5th Fighter Aviation Corps, the 2nd Air Army, and the Voronezh Front); Squadron Commander of the 129th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment (the 205th Fighter Division, the 7th Fighter Aviation Corps, the 5th Guards Air Army, the 2nd Ukrainian Front).

He was born on February 26, 1918 in the village of Aksay (now Aksay city of Rostov region) in a working class family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1943. He finished seven classes of junior high school and graduated from Factory Trade Apprenticeship. For a time he worked as a mechanic at one of Rostov plants. In the evenings he studied at the flying club.

Joined the Red Army in 1938. In 1940 he graduated from the Stalingrad Military Aviation School.
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Joseph Gusakovsky
Joseph Gusakovsky25.12.1904 - 20.02.1995

Joseph Gusakovsky was Commander of the 44th Guards Tank Brigade of the 1st Guards Tank Army, Guards Colonel.

He was born on December 25, 1904 in the village of Vorodkovo (today Krichevsky district of Mogilev region, Belarus) in a peasant family. Belarusian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1931.

He joined the Red Army in 1928. Graduated from Cavalry School in 1931, in 1932 - armored courses and in 1937 - high school (externally) in the city of Maikop. He served in command and staff positions.
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David Dragunsky
David Dragunsky15.2.1910 - 12.10.1992

David Dragunsky was commander of the 55th Guards Tank Brigade of the 3rd Guards Tank Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front, Guards Colonel.

He was born on 2 (15) February 1910, in Svyatsk village, today Novozybkov district of the Bryansk region in a large family of a tailor-craftsman. Jewish. After graduating from high school named after M. Kalinin in Novozybkov (now middle school № 1) on the basis of the Komsomol voucher he left for the construction site in Moscow, where he worked as a digger, a laborer, apprentice plumber, a plumber. At the age of 19 he was elected to the Krasnaya Presnya District Council. In 1931 he was sent to Akhmatovo village of the Kalinin region to participate in collectivization. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1931.
 
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Kirill Yevstigneev
Kirill Yevstigneev17.2.1917 - 29.8.1996

Kirill Yevstigneev was squadron commander of the 240/178 Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment.

He was born on February 17, 1917 Khokhly village (today Shumikhinsky district of Kurgan region) in a peasant family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1943, graduated from junior school. He entered the Chelyabinsk factory school, where he specialized as a turner. He worked at Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and studied in the flying club.

Joined the Red Army in September 1938. In 1941, he graduated from military aviation school, situated in the Amur region near the station Serashevo. He was left to work as an instructor pilot. In late 1942, he was sent to Moscow to the Air Force headquarters for the U.S. “Aircobra” on lend-lease from the United States. In Moscow Yevstigneev after meeting with the famous aviator I. Soldatenko was sent to the front.
 
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Alexander Efimov
Alexander Efimov6.2.1923

Alexander Efimov was Squadron commander and navigator of the 198th Attack and 62th Attack Aviation Regiments of the 233rd assault aviation division of the 4th Air Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front.

He was born on February 6, 1923 in Kantemirovka village (now township in Voronezh region) in the family of a railway worker. Russian. Childhood and adolescence spent in Millerovo (Rostov region), where in 1940 he graduated from school number 2. In 1941 he graduated from Lugansk flying club.

Joined the Army in May 1941. In 1942 he graduated from Lugansk Air Force Pilot School.
 
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Vasily Efremov
Vasily Efremov14.1.1915 - 18.8.1990

Vasily Efremov was squadron commander of the 10th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment of the 270th Bomber Division of the 8th Air Army of the Southern Front, Guards Captain.

He was born on January 14, 1915 in Tsaritsyn (from 1925 to 1961 – Stalingrad, since 1961 and today - Volgograd) in a working class family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1943, he graduated from school (7 years) in 1929; in 1932 – from Factory Trade Apprenticeship in Stalingrad.

Joined the Red Army in 1934. In 1937, he graduated from the Stalingrad Military Aviation School. He participated in the Russo-Finnish War of 1939-1940 as a bomber and commander of the aviation unit.
 
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Vasily Zaitsev
Vasily Zaitsev10.1.1911 - 19.5.1961

Vasily Zaitsev was a navigator and commander of the 5th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 207th Fighter Air Division of the 3rd Composite Air Corps of the 17th Air Army, Guards Major.

He was born on December 28, 1910 (January 10, 1911) in Semibratskoe village (today Kolomna district, Moscow Region) in a peasant family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1932.

Joined the Red Army in 1932. In 1933, he graduated from Lugansk military flying school, and in 1936 - postgraduate command courses in Borisoglebsk.
 
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Matvey Zakharov
Matvey Zakharov17.8.1898 - 31.1.1972

Matvey Zakharov was Chief of Staff of the Kalinin, Reserve, Steppe, the 2nd Ukrainian and Transbaikalian Fronts, Army General; Inspector General - Advisor to the Group of Inspectors General of the Ministry of Defense, Marshal of the Soviet Union.

He was born on August 17, 1898 in Voylovo village (today Staritsky district of Tver region) in a peasant family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1917.

Joined the Red Army in 1918. In April 1917, he joined the Red Guard, participated in the storming of the Winter Palace, in the battles at Pulkovo in suppressing insurrection of Kerensky-Krasnov. In 1918, he graduated from Petrograd Artillery courses; in 1919 — Moscow High School of Staff Management, in 1924 — Kharkov repeated courses of commanders. During the Civil War he commanded an artillery battery and battalion. Participated in the defense of Tsaritsyn, and battles at Stavropol, the Don and North Caucasus.
 
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Pavel Kamozin
Pavel Kamozin16.7.1917 - 24.11.1983

Pavel Kamozin was a fighter pilot, deputy squadron commander of the 269th Fighter Regiment of the 236th Fighter Air Division of the 5th Air Army of the North Caucasian Front; Squadron Commander of the 66th Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 329th Fighter Air Division of the 4th Air Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front.

He was born on 3 (16) in July 1917 in Bezhitsa (now part of the city of Bryansk) in a working class family. Russian. In 1931, he graduated from school (6 years) and enrolled in the Factory Trade Apprenticeship; worked as a mechanic at the “Red Profintern” (now Bryansk Machine Building Plant, JSC); in 1934, studied at the flying club. Joined the Red / Soviet Army in 1937. In 1938, he graduated from Borisoglebovsk Military Aviation School of pilots. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1943.

Kamozin met the Great Patriotic War at the Kiev Special Military District, transformed to the South-Western Front. His first combat sortie on the I-16 fighter was made on the second day of war, on June 23, 1941. Was wounded in his foot right through – it was the sad result of baptism of fire for the future air ace...
 
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Alexander Karpov
Alexander Karpov17.10.1917 - 20.10.1944

Alexander Karpov was a fighter pilot of the 123rd /27th Vyborg Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 2nd Leningrad Guards Fighter Air Defense Corps, the most effective Air Defence pilot, and the only pilot awarded the title of twice Hero of the Soviet Union.

He was born on 4 (17) October 1917 in the village of Felenevo (today Peremyshl district of Kaluga region) in a peasant family. Russian. In 1935 he graduated from Factory Trade Apprenticeship in Kaluga, and until 1939 worked as a locksmith at Kaluga machine factory and studied at the flying club.

Joined the Red Army in 1939. In 1940, Lieutenant A. Karpov graduated from Kachin Military Aviation School named after A. Myasnikov and was sent to an aviation unit stationed in the Ukraine, where he was among the pilots who had been entrusted to develop a new generation of the I-26 fighter that became aviation history as the Yak-1 - the first of the Yak group.
 
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Mikhail Katukov
Mikhail Katukov17.9.1900 - 8.6.1976

Mikhail Katukov commanded the 1st Guards Tank Army, was Colonel General of armored forces.

He was born on 5 (17) September 1900 in Bolshoe Uvarovo village, today Ozersky district of the Moscow Region. Russian. Participated in the October armed uprising in Petrograd in 1917.

Joined the Army in 1919. A member of the Civil War on the Southern Front. In 1922 he graduated from the Mogilev Infantry courses, in 1927 – courses “The Shot”, in 1935 – advanced courses for the Red Army commanders at the Military Academy of Mechanization and Motorization of the Red Army. He served in armor. Since 1940 commanded the 20th Armored Division.
 
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Alexander Klubov
Alexander Klubov18.1.1918 - 1.11.1944

Alexander F. Klubov was a fighter pilot of the 16th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment of the 9th Guards Fighter Division of the 6th Guards Fighter Aviation Corps of the 2nd Air Army.

He was born on January 18, 1918 in Yarunovo village, today Votchinsky Village Council of the Vologda region in a peasant family. Russian. In 1934 he graduated from junior high school and went to Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), where he enrolled in a Factory Trade Apprenticeship of Bolshevik factory and then worked as a tuner of machines. In 1937 he was admitted to the Leningrad flying club. In 1939 he joined the Red Army as a cadet of a pilot school, which he graduated from in 1940 in the rank of “lieutenant”.

During World War II, A. Klubov fought in fighter aircraft, taking his first fight in August 1942 as part of the 84th Fighter Aviation Regiment, in the North Caucasus. Here on the biplane-153 “Seagull” he completed 240 sorties, 150 assaults, destroyed 16 enemy planes on the ground (in a group) and shot down 4 enemy planes in aerial combat. On November 2, 1942 his plane was shot down in the aerial battle under Mozdok. Until recently, trying to save the plane, A. Klubov fought the flames that engulfed his “Seagull”, received burns to the face and hands, but in the end, he was forced to use a parachute.
 
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Sidor Kovpak
Sidor Kovpak7.6.1887 - 11.12.1967

Sidor Kovpak was Putivl guerrilla’s commander. A member of the illegal Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of the Ukraine, Major-General.

He was born on May 26 (June 7) 1887 in Kotelva village today a settlement in the Poltava Region, in a poor peasant family. Ukrainian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU in 1919 graduated from a parochial school.

From 10 years Sidor Kovpak hacked for a local grocer, doing the dirtiest and hardest work. After military service, he worked in Saratov in the river port and tram depot as a laborer./div>
 
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Semyon Kozak
Semyon Kozak23.5.1902 - 24.12.1953

Semyon Kozak was Commander of the 73rd Guards Rifle Division, Guards Major-General.

He was born on May 23, 1902 in Iskorost village (today Korosten-city, the Zhytomyr Region) in a working class family. Ukrainian. A member of the CPSU (B) since 1923. Participated in the Civil War as a common soldier. Joined the Red Army in 1924. After completing secondary school he entered the military artillery school. He graduated from it in 1928, and then served as a political commissar and commander of an artillery battery, division, tank battalion, worked as a Tank Technical School teacher. In 1933 he graduated from the Advanced Training Courses for commanders and in 1938 - the Military Academy named after M. Frunze where he taught until 1941, then he worked in the headquarters of PDC of the USSR.

Was in the army since October 1942. S. Kozak participated in the battles on Stalingrad, Steppe, Voronezh, the 2nd and the 3rd Ukrainian Fronts. He was deputy chief of staff of the 64th (7th Guards) Army.
 
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Alexander Koldunov
Alexander Koldunov20.9.1923 - 7.6.1992

Alexander Koldunov was Squadron commander of the 866th Fighter Regiment of the 288th Fighter Air Division of the 17th Air Army of the 3rd Ukrainian Front.

He was born on September 20, 1923 in village of Moschinovo (Monastyrshchina district, Smolensk region) in a servant’s family. Russian. A member of the CPSU (B) / CPSU since 1944. Secondary Education. In the Red Army since 1941, graduated from Reutov flying club, and in 1943 - Kachin Air Force School.

Entered the Great Patriotic War in May 1943 on the Southwest and the 3rd Ukrainian Fronts. He was a pilot, flight commander, deputy commander and squadron commander of the 866th Fighter Aviation Regiment (the 288th Fighter Air Division, 17th Air Army).
 
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Ivan Konev
Ivan Konev28.12.1897 - 21.5.1973

Ivan Konev – the Soviet leader, Marshal of the Soviet Union.

Konev was born in a peasant family in Lodeyno-village of the Vologda-region on December 28, 1897. A member of the CPSU since 1918. He graduated from a county school in a neighboring village of Pushma in 1912. Started to work as a wood rafter when he was 12.

In 1916 he was conscripted into the Army. Participated in World War I. After completing the training course of the Artillery Division as a junior non-commissioned officer, he was sent to the South-West front. In 1918 was demobilized.
 
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Peter Koshevoy
Peter Koshevoy21.12.1904 - 30.8.1976

Peter Koshevoy was Commander of the 63rd Rifle Corps (the 51st Army, the 4th Ukrainian Front), Major General; commander of the 36th Guards Rifle Corps (the 11th Guards Army, the 3rd Belorussian Front), General- Lieutenant.

He was born on the 8th (21st) of December, 1904 in Alexandria today Kirovograd region (the Ukraine). Ukrainian.

Joined the Army in February 1920. Participated in the Civil War: in February 1920 - August 1922 - Red Army man of the 2nd Cavalry Regiment of the 8th Red Cossacks’ Cavalry Division. He participated in battles against the White Poles on the southwestern front, and then fought with the rebels in the Ukraine.
 
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Andrey Kravchenko
Andrey Kravchenko30.11.1899 - 18.10.1963

Andrey Kravchenko was commander of the 2nd and the 4th Panzer Corps, commander of the 6th Panzer Army.

He was born on November 30, 1899 on a farm of Sulimin, today Yagotynsky district of Kiev region, the Ukraine in a peasant family. Ukrainian. Member of the CPSU (B) since 1925.

Joined the Red Army in 1918. Participated in the Civil War. He graduated from the Poltava military infantry school in 1923, Military Academy named after M. Frunze in 1928. Commanded an infantry rifle, was Chief of Staff of Infantry Regiment, a teacher at the Saratov Tank School. From May 1939 – an officer for special assignments in the headquarters of the Volga Military District. Chief of Staff of the 61st Infantry Division.
 
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Stepan Kretov
Stepan Kretov25.12.1919 - 19.1.1975

Stepan Kretov was Squadron of the 24th Guards Aviation Regiment (the 50th Air Division, the 6th Air Corps of Long-Range Aviation), Captain.

He was born on December 25, 1919 in the village of Malaya Nitchka, today Minusinsk district of Krasnoyarsk region in a peasant family. Russian. He spent his childhood and adolescence in Minusinsk. He graduated from secondary school. He studied at Kansk agricultural college, graduated from the flying club.

In the Army – since 1939. In 1940, he graduated from Balashov Air School. He served in the Air Force combat units.
 
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Nikolay Krylov
Nikolay Krylov29.4.1903 - 9.2.1972

Nikolay Krylov was Commander of the 5th Army, Colonel-General.

He was born on April 29, 1903 in the village of Vishnevoe, today Tamalinsky district of Penza region in a servant’s family. Russian. In 1919 he graduated from an external secondary school in Arkadak, Saratov region and volunteered for the Red Army.

In October 1920, he graduated from the infantry and machine gun courses for Red commanders, in September 1928 - the highest postgraduate courses “Shot.” In 1919-1922 participated in the battles on the South, the Caucasus, the Transcaucasus and the Far East fronts, occupying posts of commander of the rifle platoon, company and battalion. Wounded twice. In 1929 he took part in battles against white Chinese during the conflict on the Chinese Eastern Railway. Before the war he served as chief of staff of fortified area in the Odessa Military District.
 
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